Published on 6th March 2021 on the Black Star News
Ghana became an independent country from British Colonial rule on March 6th, 1957. The country was led to independence by Kwama Nkrumah, the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, becoming the first British colony to become free from Colonial rule. Nkrumah has ardently advocated for his dream of African unity in his book ‘Neo-colonialism: The last stage of Imperialism’.
Nkrumah commented that the independence of Ghana was meaningless until the independence of all African countries and unification into the United States of Africa.
He stated that in the nineteenth century European countries had gained control of and exploited African countries for their vast resources, such as land, labour and natural and mineral resources. These resources supplied European factories, who manufactured products from these resources.
Nkrumah believed that European countries, including now the United States of America, would continue to maintain control of African countries in order to further exploit them using any means necessary, from financial extortion to military means. These powers would exercise the tactic ‘Divide and rule’ by financing certain African political leaders in order to undermine other leaders.
Kwama believed that the solution to this issue is unification which would remove border disputes and take power away from colonial forces. A divided Africa would remain weak and unable to protect its resources and individual countries. A United States of Africa would be strong enough to resist Western powers and be able to industrialise and generate wealth to the benefit of Africa. Every African should read Nkrumah’s book, which is the key to African prosperity and independence from Western influence.